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Archaeologists found the “Lost City of Gold” in Egypt

Archaeologists found the “Lost City of Gold” in Egypt

A group Some Egyptian archaeologists have found what they describe as the royal industrial metropolis north of modern Luxor, which includes the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes (called Waset). The archaeologists The site was called the “Lost Golden City of Luxor” and is believed to have been used for the manufacture of decorative objects, furniture and pottery, among other things.

The hieroglyphic inscriptions found in the clay chapels of the wine vessels at the site date back to the reign of Pharaoh Amenhotep III (1386-1333), a time when the general peaceful period was particularly prosperous, when Egypt was at its peak. of its international power. (The mud bricks on the site were also marked with the cartridge of Amenhotep III.) The statue of Amenhotep III is more alive than the other pharaohs. He was buried in the Valley of the Kings and his mummy was found in 1889. Studies have shown that Amenhotep III died between the ages of 40 and 50 and probably suffered from a variety of ailments in his later years (especially arthritis, obesity, and painful abscesses in his teeth).

Pharaoh’s eldest son and heir, Thutmose, died young, and the throne passed to his second son, Amenhotep IV, who soon changed his name to Akhenaten. (Her queen was Nefertiti, and her son, who would eventually ascend the throne, was the famous boy king Tutankhamun.) Akhenaten rejected the traditional polytheistic religion that dominated the worship of grandmothers and decided to start his own. religion. Instead he worshiped Athena (hence the name change) and eventually tried to completely remove the worship of Amon.

Akhenaten also removed the capital from Thebes, forming a new capital on the site of what is now the city of Amarna, between Thebes and Memphis. Was he a revolutionary spectator or a heretical and crazy fanatic? Perhaps neither, some historians have argued that moving the capital could have been more of a political strategy of the pharaoh to break the corner of the priesthood of Amon in Egyptian culture and society. In any case, Tutankhamun brought the capital to Memphis and ordered the construction of the temple and shrine of Thebes even more when he took the throne, ending the rebellion of Akhenaten.

The discovery of this new site may or may not shed more light on Akhenaton’s decision to abandon Thebes, and this newly discovered manufacturing center, however, is considered an unusual discovery. “There’s no doubt about it; it’s a really great find,” said Salima Ikram, an archaeologist who heads the American University in Cairo’s Egyptology unit. he told National Geographic. “It’s a picture of time, the Egyptian version of Pompey. I don’t think you can sell too much. It’s thought-provoking.”

Betsy Bryan, Egyptologist At Johns Hopkins University, called him “The second most important archaeological find from the tomb of Tutankhamun.”

The Egyptian team was led by archaeologist Zahi Hawass, shared the official ad in a Facebook post. The group began searching for the tomb temple of Tutankhamun, as the last two pharaoh temples of the 18th dynasty, Horemheb and Ay, were found in the same general area. Archaeologists have chosen an excavation site located between a temple of Ramses III in Medinet Habu and the temple of Amenhotep III in Memnon. A few weeks after the excavations began last September, Hawass and his team enthusiastically took in the mud-brick formations: walls that zigzagged nine feet high, a seemingly rare element in ancient Egyptian architecture.

The group found numerous objects: rings, beetles, pottery, the remains of thousands of statues, and numerous tools that were probably used to rotate or weave and cast molds. The bakery and food preparation area (for storing ovens and pottery) to the south of the site was large enough to serve a good-sized staff. There was also a mud brick production area and what looked like an administrative area. In an excavated area was the skeleton of a cow or bull, and the skeleton of a man was found in a strange position: his arms stretched down to his side, the remains of a rope around his knees.

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