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How to build a computer: Hardware tips, instructions and more

How to build a computer: Hardware tips, instructions and more


First, prepare a clean workspace. The dining table, which can be clean, can be large enough for all four cases in your case, with ample room for the rest of the ingredients. You will also need a Phillips screwdriver that will fit the screws in your case. When you put these parts together, make sure download any static buildup and work on a non-metallic surface like a wooden table. Or, you can mount it on a cardboard box that fits into the motherboard.

Most of the ingredients you buy will come with instruction manuals; hold it by hand. We will start from the base plate, so open the instruction manual on the installation page. It can be pretty scary — there’s a lot to look at — but think of it all as a big Lego set. Each piece is inserted into another piece. For the motherboard, your first job will be to seat your CPU.

Installing your CPU

Depending on the type of CPU you bought (Intel or AMD), the chip will have small tips on one side (do not touch) or small gold contacts on the one hand (do not touch). Really, don’t touch that side of your chip. Fingertip oils can damage the contacts or bend a pin. Make one and turn your processor into just an expensive piece of silicon.

Putting the processor on is pretty easy. First, double-check the motherboard instructions and make sure you have unlocked the processor socket. It will be a large square with a stack of small holes (or contacts) with a lever or button next to it. The instructions on your motherboard will explicitly explain how to unlock the socket, you can put the processor on without any problems.

After unlocking and confirming that it is ready, find out which corner of your processor has a small golden triangle and align it with the same symbol in your processor socket. Slowly lower the processor into the socket, and slowly flip the lock or locking mechanism. You shouldn’t fight. If you need to press very hard, double-check that the processor is in socket mode.

Then you will need it thermal paste. This tiny silver goo plastic syringe is very important for this next step. Now that your processor is sitting, look at the bright square silicon in the middle of it. This is where your heat sink will be located. The processor had a heat sink, and on one side of it you will see a copper circle. You will place the heat sink directly on top of the processor, after applying the thermal paste, making sure that the silicone square and the copper circle are perfectly aligned.

Forward and carefully squeeze a small ball of thermal paste (no larger than a pea) into the square silicon of your processor. You want to be as close to the center as possible.

Now align the heat sink with the screws around your processor and slowly lower it into place. You tighten the thermal paste and here the goal is to create a thin layer that covers the back of your processor. Okay if it throws up a bit, but if it comes off the edge of the processor, you use it too much. Get a little isopropyl alcohol, drain it in a lint-free cleaner and wash the processor and heat sink. Wait until it dries well and try again.

If it looks good, screw the heater in place. Return your plate to the instruction book and find the right place next to the processor socket to connect your heat sink fan. It should be very close to your processor socket. Once found, connect – congratulations, you just installed a CPU. This was the hardest part, and it is finished, well done.

Storage and memory installation

Memory is perhaps the easiest to install. See those little vertical sockets next to the CPU? Align the RAM sticks and insert the slots, starting from the left slot. They will be locked in the same place after sitting properly. RAM If you have two RAM sticks, make sure you skip a gap between the two. Your motherboard manual should tell you which slot to use.



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