Stress may reach your skin, but it’s not one-way – Harvard Health Blog
Are you stressed? It can show your skin. Studies have shown that acute and chronic stress can have negative effects on overall skin well-being, and can worsen various skin conditions, such as psoriasis, eczema, acne and hair loss.
But it’s not the only direction. Research has also shown that skin and hair follicles have complex mechanisms that can produce the signals that cause their stress, which can travel to the brain and sustain the stress response.
A two-way street between stress and your brain and skin
You may already be experiencing the connection between the brain and the skin. Did you get so nervous when you started emptying or sweating? If so, you had an acute response to temporary stress. But science suggests that repeated exposure to psychological stress or environmental exposure can have lasting effects on your skin that go beyond cleansing, and can also have a negative impact on your overall well-being.
The axis of the cerebral cortex is interconnected, directional path psychological stress can return from the brain to the skin and vice versa. Stress affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-renal axis (HPA), a trio of glands that perform vital functions in the body in the face of stress. This can lead to the formation of local inflammatory factors, such as cortisol and essential hormones in the fight or response to stress called catecholamines, to direct immune cells from the bloodstream to the skin or to stimulate inflammatory cells. Masts are a key type of cell for inflammation of the cerebral cortex; they respond to the hormone cortisol through receptor signaling, and directly assist in a variety of skin conditions, including itching.
Because the skin is constantly exposed to the outside world, it is more sensitive to environmental stressors than any other organ and can produce stress hormones to respond to them. For example, the skin produces stress hormones in the face of ultraviolet light and temperature, which sends these signals to the brain. Thus, psychological stress can help the skin that causes stress, and environmental stressors, through the skin, can help psychological stress, perpetuating the stress cycle.
How can stress affect your skin?
Psychological stress can also disrupt the epidermal barrier (the top of the skin layer that blocks moisture and protects us from harmful microbes) and prolong repair. clinical trials in healthy people. A complete epidermal barrier is essential for healthy skin; when disturbed, it can cause irritating skin as well as eczema, psoriasis or wounds, among others. Psychosocial stress is directly linked to the increase in these conditions small observational studies. Acne flares have also been linked to stress, although understanding of this relationship is evolving.
The negative effects of stress have also been shown on hair. Scattered hair loss, known as the telogen effect, can cause psychosocial stress. inhibiting the hair growth phase. Stress is also associated with hair mouse examinations. Research has shown that artificial stress promotes the release of norepinephrine (a type of catecholamine), which depletes stem cells that produce pigment producers inside the hair follicle, which causes gray matter.
How to manage stress on the skin?
Although reducing stress levels should theoretically help alleviate adverse effects on the skin, there are few data on the effectiveness of stress reduction interventions. There are a few evidence meditation can lower overall catecholamine levels in people who do it regularly. Meditation and relaxation techniques have also been shown to help with psoriasis. Further research is needed to demonstrate the benefits of these techniques in other superficial situations. Healthy lifestyle habits, including a balanced diet and exercise, can also help regulate the body’s stress hormones, which in turn should have a positive effect on the skin and hair.
If you are experiencing a skin problem related to stress, consult a dermatologist for your condition and try some stress reduction techniques at home.