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The effect of cracking is similar to the abuse of children’s brains

The effect of cracking is similar to the abuse of children’s brains

April 19, 2021 – It is rare for a parent who does not think of playing inappropriate children. But a new study offers another reason to avoid corporal punishment: having blows can cause changes in the child’s equal areas. brain caused by more severe physical and sexual abuse.

Previous research has consistently found links between attacks and behavioral problems, attacks, depression, and anxiety, says Jorge Cuartas, a doctoral student at Harvard Graduate Education School and the first author of the research. “We wanted to study a possible mechanism to explain how brain development can affect physical behavior in children’s behavior and cognitive development.”

Research published in Child development, He has used functional MRI to map brain changes on 147 tweens who had never been subjected to physical or sexual abuse. The researchers activated which parts of the children’s brain were activated to respond to neutral or frightening facial expressions. When photos of someone who was scared appear, children who said they were oppressed had a greater response than children who hadn’t been to certain parts of the brain. These areas stimulate the response of signals to the environment by detecting and reacting to threats. If the child’s brain reacts too much, behavioral challenges can arise.

“In the same areas we saw that these changes are more serious forms of abuse or domestic violence. It suggests that the difference is not just a level, but a level, “says Cuartas. As for the child’s brain,” everything is violence. “

The finding is significant because many parents do not think violence is violent, says Vincent J. Palusci, MD, pediatrician and editor-in-chief of the journal. Child Abuse. “We want to raise children who are happy and healthy. And a lot of parents who use spanking are doing it for that purpose. ”

Jet in the US

62 states and countries around the world have imposed illegal sanctions. While the U.S. has no such protection, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Psychological Association have condemned the practice. The acceptance of coups seems to be declining: the percentage of parents who say they touch their children in this country is on a downward trend. In 1993, 50% of parents surveyed said so, but by 2017 that number had dropped to 35%. Still too much, Cuartas and Palusci say, but a promising trend.

“Although we as parents don’t want to hurt our children,” Palusci said, “we need to understand that spanking can be just as bad as things we would never do.”

Discipline vs. punishment

For some parents it may require a change in thinking, separating discipline and punishment. “Discipline changes behavior: it teaches positive behavior, empathy, and essential social skills. But that’s different from punishment,” Cuartas says. “That makes someone feel pain or embarrassment. We need to start thinking of it as a punishment for spanking.”

This can be difficult, especially for adults who have shaken themselves. They can believe that since they came out well, the barn must be fine too. The study does not suggest that all oppressors will face these difficulties; it shows that this is the case, Cuartas says. “Compare this to smoking. We all know someone who smokes is healthy, but that doesn’t mean smoking is good, “he says.” Individual cases are not enough to understand whether some experiences are good or bad. “

Palusci makes parallels with the tips pregnant women receive information about taking medication: unless specifically tested during pregnancy, the amount cannot be considered safe. “We don’t have to explain how dangerous research is, so we have to think that anyone has that potential.”

WebMD Health News


Child development: “Corporal Punishment and the Great Response of Neurons to the Threat of Children.”

Jorge Cuartas, PhD student, Harvard Graduate Education School.

Vincent J. Palusci, MD, professor of pediatrics, NYU Grossman School of Medicine.

End to violence against children: “Progress”, “US country report”.

American Academy of Pediatrics: “Where We Stand: Spanking.”

American Psychological Association: “Physical discipline is harmful and effective.”

JAMA Pediatrics: “The prevalence of spanking in U.S. national samples of parents over the age of 35 from 1993 to 2017.”

© 2021 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.

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