The Last Outbreak of Ebola Survivors Could Begin – 5 Years Later
A new genetic analysis conducted earlier suggests that it is current Ebola The outbreak in Guinea may be the origin of the 2014-2016 West African survivor Ebola than from an animal-human transmission.
The analysis, published on Friday, was carried out by scientists from Guinea, the Institut Pasteur in Senegal, the Medical Center of the University of Nebraska, the University of Edinburgh and the company PraesensBio.
The previous outbreak of Ebola caused 28,000 cases and 11,000 deaths, mostly in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, according to the new report. The current outbreak in Guinea has resulted in 18 cases and killed nine people, according to The New York Times.
The news is “serious,” said William Schaffner, MD, an epidemiologist of infectious diseases and pandemic expert in preparation at Vanderbilt University in Nashville.
“Who would have thought that the Ebola virus could be hidden in a person (a man) for 5 years and then cause another outbreak?” Schaffner said. “Until this news came out, I think we all thought that this latest outbreak of Ebola was the result of an introduction of an animal species.”
“This gives a full echo of public health to those who have survived Ebola in men for many years as a potential repository for this infection,” he said.
The new report questions, he said, whether some past outbreaks in Africa were introduced from the wild, but rather because one of the survivors started an infection in a partner.
The risk of the virus falling asleep in the testicles in particular eyes or in the nervous system, it could be sexually transmitted to someone, Schaffner said.
Genetic analysis findings may exacerbate the stigma of survivors, he said.
It also raises the question of whether it is widespread vaccines He said they are needed in equatorial Africa.
Also, despite having Ebola vaccines he said they are very effective because he doesn’t know how long people can protect him.
It may promote another measure of public health condom use, comes with its own set of difficulties.
In light of this latest news, the surviving men will go to the research perspective, Schaffner said, and will ask volunteers to give them semen samples to see if this is a one-time event or something that usually happens.
Michael Ryan, MD, executive director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Health Emergency Program, said in a statement Friday MOE the country has sent more than 30,000 doses of vaccines.