Vaccine against COVID-19? So what can you do safely? – Harvard Health Blog
Congratulations on getting the COVID-19 vaccine! You can get the full dose of the modern or Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine two weeks after you get it, or just two weeks after getting a single dose of Johnson & Johnson vaccine, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Maybe what you can do safely is now embedded. As a specialist in infectious diseases, I have provided answers to some common questions. Keep in mind that information about COVID-19 and vaccines is evolving, and that recommendations may change as you learn more.
Can I be completely vaccinated with people outside my home?
Yes, if you and your friends or relatives are fully immersed, gathering in small groups without masks is considered a small risk. Although people who are fully vaccinated can spread the virus, vaccines are excellent for protecting against serious illness, hospitalization, and death due to COVID-19.
Fortunately, we can start to see COVID-19 as the flu: the flu vaccine reduces the severity of the flu and reduces the chances of going to the hospital for pneumonia, but it doesn’t completely eliminate the virus.
Whatever your vaccination situation, you have experience Covid19 symptoms, you need to avoid close relationships with others. If you have tested positive for COVID-19 in the previous 10 days before making the planned visit, you should stop visiting others.
Can I see relatives and friends who are not yet vaccinated, and am I able to socialize without my mask if I am fully vaccinated?
The danger of that you develop COVID-19 is low if you are vaccinated and go to a meeting with others who have not been vaccinated. However, keep in mind that you can potentially scatter virus to others. The vaccine does not fully protect you from being infected with the virus; reduces the symptoms and severity of the disease. So it is likely to have no symptoms or very mild symptoms and to pass the virus to family and friends who have not yet been vaccinated.
The new recommendations below are based on the vaccination status of you and your relatives or friends. These recommendations may change as you learn more.
If you are fully integrated and are visiting fully integrated family or friends:
- Visits inside without a mask are fine and are probably low risk.
If you are visiting a healthy person who is 64 years of age or younger living in a single home but is not yet fully vaccinated:
- Visits inside without a mask are fine and are probably low risk. Although it is possible to spread the virus, the risk of having healthy (and especially younger) people who develop severe COVID-19 is low.
- Note that if the elderly obtain COVID-19, the risk of hospitalization and death is much higher than the risk of the youngest. A 60-year-old is at higher risk than a 50-year-old, and a 50-year-old is at a higher risk than a 40-year-old. Learn more about this The CDC page explains the risks by age group.
If you are fully vaccinated and visit a single home of family or friends who are not yet vaccinated and are at risk for severe COVID-19 due to age (65 years or older) or health conditions such as cancer, diabetes, heart disease, sickle cell disease, or other specific conditions:
- You all need to wear well-placed masks and be six feet apart from each other inside the house. If possible, visit outdoors or in a well-ventilated area to reduce the risk.
Disorder of two or more homes with people who are not yet vaccinated increases the risk of infecting anyone who is not vaccinated with the virus that causes COVID-19.
In general, the closer they are and the more time they spend with others, the higher the risk of developing or spreading the virus, according to the CDC.
If possible, everyone who gathers for the visit can reduce the risk by avoiding and / or getting in touch with people outside the home for 14 days before the visit. studied the virus.
What happens if my partner or family members don’t get vaccinated?
You can do your homework to keep your partner or family members who have not yet been vaccinated safe. While it may not be feasible to wear a mask or stay away from home, you can keep these strict precautions away from home. This will help you reduce your chances of getting infected with the virus, thus helping your partner or household members to reduce the risk of passing the virus. Uninserted spouses or housemates should follow the same guidelines: wear a well-dressed mask, wash their hands frequently, maintain physical distance, and avoid crowding in places outside the home.
Can I travel for leisure or pleasure?
You should avoid unnecessary travel at this time and only visit people nearby because the cases of COVID-19 are still large. Traveling by air, bus or train puts you in touch with a lot of people and increases the risk of transmission. Vaccines do not provide 100% protection. We need to be careful, especially as we learn more variants of concern and how much the vaccine protects against these strains.
And as I said before, you can also endanger others and spread the virus, even if you protect yourself.
What measures should I take? Is it true that people should continue to wear masks in public?
Many more people need to be included before they can get enough immunity in the community. Until that happens, you can pass the virus on to others, even if you are completely embedded. Therefore, to keep others safe and reduce the overall spread of the virus, you can do your part by wearing a well-fitting mask in public spaces, keeping physical distance, washing your hands frequently, and avoiding large crowds.
When can I go to a restaurant, concert or sporting event?
As mentioned, the greater the event or collection, the greater your risk of being exposed to the virus and / or spreading the virus to others. The restaurant’s indoor dining room has a lower risk for people who are vaccinated compared to attending a large indoor concert. Regardless of the level of risk, in any public environment, you can do your job by wearing a well-fitting mask, seeing distances, washing your hands, and avoiding crowds.